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#neuromuscular

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Brachial Plexopathy

The brachial plexus is a bundle of mixed nerve roots from C5 to T1 that fuse into upper, middle, and lower trunks above the level of the clavicle and redistribute into lateral, posterior, and medial cords below that landmark.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment neuropathy caused by the median nerve compression at the wrist level. Early symptoms include pain, numbness, and tingling, mainly in hand. Those symptoms, unfortunately, are often being overlooked by patients and even physicians, resulting in hang hypotrophy in the later stage. Rapid response has been observed in response to short-term oral corticosteroids. Other measures include splinting, local steroid injection, and carpel ligament release surgery. To provide a better understanding of CTS, this chapter highlights the etiology, clinical features, diagnostic evaluation, management, and prognosis of this condition

Tardive Dysknesia

Tardive Dysknesia is a movement disorder generally induced by anti-psychotic medications. Antipsychotics are a group of drugs used primarily to treat psychosis, schizophrenia, mania and agitation. Extrapyramidal symptoms, which include acute dystonia, akathisia, pseudoparkinsonism and tardive dyskinesia, are the most common side effects of first-generation antipsychotics, but can also occur with second-generation antipsychotics.

Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS) is a life-threatening neurological disorder requiring emergent care. It is associated with the use of antipsychotic agents also called neuroleptics. The incidence rate for NMS in patients taking antipsychotics is 0.02 to 3%

Myasthenia Crisis

Myasthenia crisis is a complication of myasthenia gravis. It is defined as worsening of myasthenic weakness requiring intubation or noninvasive ventilation. Myasthenia crisis has a mortality rate of 5%

Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy (AIDP)

Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) or AIDP is an autoimmune disorder that affects peripheral nerves myelin or axons.