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Change in level of consciousness associated with altered cognition and/or perception appearing over hours/days that is not secondary to prior/developing chronic dementia. Encephalopathy results in acute structural brain changes to non-structural, metabolic, toxic, infection related brain dysfunction
Extravasation of blood into the subdural space between the dura and arachnoid membranes. Most common neurosurgical emergency associated with high morbidity and mortality. A potentially life-threatening condition requiring urgent surgical evacuation for good clinical outcomes
Tardive Dysknesia is a movement disorder generally induced by anti-psychotic medications. Antipsychotics are a group of drugs used primarily to treat psychosis, schizophrenia, mania and agitation. Extrapyramidal symptoms, which include acute dystonia, akathisia, pseudoparkinsonism and tardive dyskinesia, are the most common side effects of first-generation antipsychotics, but can also occur with second-generation antipsychotics.
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is also referred to as pseudotumor cerebri. Elevated intracranial pressure with unknown pathogenesis. Syndrome of intracranial hypertension without structural brain or CSF abnormalities and without identifiable cause.