Central nervous system (CNS) infections are uncommon amongst the immunocompetent population. A state of immuno-incompetency increases susceptibility of the CNS to infection. CNS infections incur serious burden on the morbidity and mortality of cancer patients
Encephalitis is defined as the inflammation of the brain parenchyma. The inflammatory changes can lead to headache, stiffness in neck, sensitivity to light, confusion, seizures and focal neurologic deficits. Viral encephalitis is the most common type of encephalitis and often coexists with viral meningitis.
Classifying the type of status epilepticus is important in determining morbidity and aggressiveness of treatment required. Clinical manifestations vary according to the type of seizure the patient experiences and yet diagnosis is made clinically based on those clinical manifestations. This chapter will help you understand the classification and how to diagnose patient based on clinical features.
The traumatic spinal cord injury often results from a gunshot wound (10.4%), accidental trauma to the head, neck, and back region (31.5%), falling (25.3%), and spinal sports injuries (4.3%) while non-traumatic spinal cord injuries can vary. The main purpose of this chapter is to help you understand the difference between complete and incomplete cord transection and different types of spinal injuries.