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Anterior Cord Syndrome

Anterior cord syndrome is the most common cause of spinal cord infarction. It is an incomplete cord syndrome that involves infarction of anterior 2/3rd of spinal cord.

Acute Myelopathy

Pathology of the spine and meninges covering the spinal cord is termed myelopathy being classified as compressive and non-compressive myelopathy. Workup for acute myelopathy involves a stepwise approach from history taking to the investigations.

Spinal Cord Injury

The traumatic spinal cord injury often results from a gunshot wound (10.4%), accidental trauma to the head, neck, and back region (31.5%), falling (25.3%), and spinal sports injuries (4.3%) while non-traumatic spinal cord injuries can vary. The main purpose of this chapter is to help you understand the difference between complete and incomplete cord transection and different types of spinal injuries.

Spinal Cord Anatomy

Spinal cord originates from brainstem, pass through foramen magnum and continues distally through cervical and thoracic regions of the spinal column before terminating as a tapering structure known as the conus medullaris. Spinal cord ends at the level of L1 or L2 in adults and L3 in children