Author

Rizwan Raheem MD

Rizwan Raheem MD

Administrative professional with a Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (M.B.B.S.)

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Status Epilepticus: Classification, Clinical Features, and Diagnosis

Classifying the type of status epilepticus is important in determining morbidity and aggressiveness of treatment required. Clinical manifestations vary according to the type of seizure the patient experiences and yet diagnosis is made clinically based on those clinical manifestations. This chapter will help you understand the classification and how to diagnose patient based on clinical features.

Refractory Status Epilepticus

When patients fail first-line therapy which is a sufficient dose of benzodiazepines and at least one AED as second-line therapy, irrespective of time this is termed refractory status epilepticus. Primary drugs being used for refractory status epilepticus are Midazolam, Propofol, and Ketamine while other interventions include DBS, surgery, VNS, etc. This chapter focuses on the treatment strategies being involved to treat patients with refractory status epilepticus

Prophylaxis of Venous Thrombosis in NeurocriticalCare

Risk of DVT in at-risk medical patients without anticoagulant prophylaxis is10–15%. PE occurs in up to 50% of patients with DVT. While giving prophylaxis of venous thrombosis, a physician needs to know about contraindication and should use Neurocritical Care Society Guideline Recommendation.