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#neurovascular

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Secondary Stroke Prevention

Secondary stroke prevention decreases subsequent stroke and therefore disability.

Collateral Cerebral Circulation

Absence of collateral function due to hypoplasia or stenosis of collateral arteries may lead to a higher risk of stroke in patients with severe internal carotid artery occlusive disease

Posterior Cerebral Circulation

Posterior circulation of the brain consists of 2 vertebral arteries, 1 basilar artery, 2 posterior cerebral arteries and their branches.

Anterior Cerebral Circulatione

Anterior circulation of the brain comprises of internal carotid artery and its branches.

Central Retinal Vein Occlusion (CRVO)

Retinal vein occlusion is the blockage of one of the main veins of the retina and is one of the commonest retinal vascular occlusive disorders, usually associated with a variable degree of visual loss

Differentiating Frontal Lobe Epilepsy from Psychogenic Nonepileptic Seizures

There are three major categories of seizures: 1) Epileptic seizures (ES), 2) Psychogenic Nonepileptic Seizures (PNES), 3) Physiologic nonepileptic events (NEEs). PNES/NESS are can be difficult to distinguish from ES.

Central Retinal Artery Occlusion (CRAO)

Central Retinal Artery Occlusion (CRAO) is an ophthalmologic emergency that may result in a complete vision loss that is frequently irreversible. It is considered as having a stroke of the eye

Acute Ischemic Stroke - Basics

Stroke is defined as “rapidly developed clinical signs of focal (or global) disturbance of cerebral function, lasting more than 24 h or leading to death, with no apparent cause other than of vascular origin”